- Vegetable Fat
- INCI: Mangifera Indica (Mango) Seed Butter
- Melting point: 35-40 °C (95- 105 °F)
- Comedogenicity: 2
- Composition: Ölsäure (bis ca. 46 %), Stearinsäure (bis ca. 45 %), Palmitinsäure (bis ca. 10 %), Linolsäure (bis ca. 7 %) und Arachinsäure (bis ca. 4 %).
- Cosmetic use: All skin types; hair care.
The mango tree is an evergreen, up to 15 m (in some cases up to 35 m) high tree with a life expectancy of up to 100 years. The diameter of the trunk up to 1 m. The rounded crown of the tree, with alternating long leaves, can reach a diameter of 30 metres. The small, white flowers have a pleasant scent and up to 10 stamens, with only a few of them beeing fertile. The fruit of the tree is the fleshy, unevenly ovate mango, which hangs from a long stem on the tree and weighs up to 2 kg. The fruits occur individually or in groups. Below the thin, smooth skin of the fruit is the yellow flesh that surrounds a stone core. The stone core contains a somewhat smaller, brown seed with a paper-thin shell, which contains up to about 15% fat. The color of the fruit ranges from green (philippine tree) to yellow-red (indian tree).
Extraction of Mango Butter
The light yellow to white mango butter is obtained from the seeds of the mango fruit. The seeds are crushed mechanically and then extracted with a solvent (usually hexane). The oil is then usually refined.
Cosmetic use of Mango Butter
Mango butter has a firm consistency at room temperature and is often used in creams and lotions. Like coconut butter, shea butter and cocoa butter, it binds watery parts well. It has a replenishing, healing and regenerating character, which is good for dry and chapped skin. The skin becomes softer and more supple. Due to its moisturizing properties mango butter is also used in hair care to treat very dry hair. It seals in moisture and reduces breakage by strengthening hair follicles.