- Base Oil
- INCI: Olea Europaea (Olive) Fruit Oil
- Comedogenicity: 2-3
- Composition: Oleic acid (up to approx. 83 %), palmitic acid (up to approx. 20 %), linoleic acid (up to approx. 5 %), stearic acid (up to approx. 5 %), palmitoleic acid (up to approx. 4 %), phytosterols, α-tocopherol.
- Cosmetic use: Dry, chapped skin; hair care.
The olive tree is an evergreen tree or shrub, which can grow between 10 and 20 m high and live for over 1000 years. The oldest specimen on Crete is estimated to be over 4000 years old. Young trees have a smooth and grey trunk, which becomes darker and more brittle with advancing age. The leaves are narrow, lanceolate to elliptic, with a silvery shiny grey color and hairy underside. The small, white to yellowish flowers, each with four petals and sepals, hang in panicles from the branches. Since the tree grows very slowly, it does not start to bear fruits until it is 10 years old. The fruit is an ellipsoid, solitary stone fruit with a thin skin. The hard, oily seed is surrounded by soft, oil-rich flesh.
Extraction of Olive Oil
The greenish colored olive oil is obtained from the fruits of the olive tree. The olives are first separated from foreign particles, washed and then crushed in a macerator. The fruit mash is then stirred in order unite the oil droplets together. The olive mash is further processed in a centrifuge in which the solids, oil and water are separated. Finally, high quality olive oil is filtered immediately after pressing to remove turbidity.
Cosmetic use of Olive Oil
Olive oil is absorbed by the skin slowly, moisturizes it and makes it soft and supple. The oil is particularly suitable for the care of dry, brittle skin. Its ingredients, especially the fats it contains, help the skin to regenerate. Thus, the oil moisturizes and provides a soft skin feeling. It can also smooth out small wrinkles as well as prevent the formation of new wrinkles.
Olive oil also has hair care applications. The nutrients of the oil help to repair micro-damage to the hair. In the long run it gives the hair a silky shine and better bounce.